Washington County Historical Society

Gateway to Minnesota History

Month: March 2016

Unearthing History at Grey Cloud Island Cemetery

Receive the Historical Messenger in your inbox once every two weeks by signing up for our mailing list!

This issue: Contents
Tuesday, March 22, 2016
  • Editor’s Note
  • WCHS News: WCHS Annual Meeting with Jumpin’ Jim Brunzell
  • WCHS News: Help WCHS with Amazon Smile
  • What Is This Thing?!
  • Old News: Unsubtle Resentment
  • Featured Article: Unearthing History at Grey Cloud Island Cemetery
Editor’s Note

Well, apparently we’re supposed to get snow tomorrow…so pull up this newsletter on your phone or tablet, get outside and enjoy spring while it lasts!

If you know any history students in your life, be sure to let them know about our 2016 Internship and Scholarship Programs. Our internship is a 10-week long paid position that allows undergraduate and graduate students a chance to gain hands-on experience at a local historical organization. While the scholarship provides one $2,000 or two $1,000 grants to further a student’s education in the history field. You can find more details and application information here. Applications must be submitted by April 30th. Funding for our internship and scholarship programs is generously provided by the DeLonais Foundation.

Time is running out to save your spot at this year’s Annual Meeting with special guest speaker Jumpin’ Jim Brunzell! Check out today’s first News Story for your last reminder!

In our second News Story we’ll take a quick minute to talk about an easy way you can help keep the lights on over here at WCHS!

Last week’s “What Is This Thing?!” proved to be pretty tricky! To see how you handle today’s mystery artifact just keep scrolling!

In 1864, tensions from the battlefields of the Civil War could be felt all the way in Stillwater. Read today’s bit of Old News to see how the civilian population’s frustration turned towards the able-bodied men who had yet to volunteer to fight.

The old town cemetery is literally where you’ll find the last mark many of our pioneer ancestors left on Earth. Consequently, these sometimes forgotten grounds can be used to reveal a bit about the lives of the people interred within. Head down to our Featured Article about the often intertwined lives of Grey Cloud Island’s first white settlers.

Want to learn more about the history of Washington County? “Like” WCHS on Facebook and follow us on Twitter!

Sean Pallas

Historical Messenger editor and Warden’s House Site Manager

spallas.wchs@gmail.com

WCHS News

WCHS Annual Membership Meeting with Jumpin’ Jim Brunzell

The Washington County Historical Society Annual Meeting will be held at the Water Street Inn in Stillwater next Thursday, March 31st.

The evening will begin with a social hour at 5:30 PM followed by dinner at 6:30 PM. The meeting will begin at 7:30 with an election of board members and conclude with our Featured Speaker – “Jumpin” Jim Brunzell.

Over the course of his 21 year long career, Brunzell trained under the legendary Verne Gagne with Ric Flair and the Iron Sheik and even faced former Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura in the ring. At the meeting, Brunzell will discuss his long history with professional wrestling in Minnesota and his association with the Minnesota Wrestling Hall of Fame.

Brunzell will also be selling and signing copies of his new book with “True Stories from the Wrestling Road: MatLands

Reservations are required.

WCHS Members – $20.00 Reserve Tickets Online

Non-Members – $25.00 Reserve Tickets Online

For more information or to make reservations contact Brent Peterson at 651-439-5956 or brent.peterson@wchsmn.org

WCHS News

Help WCHS with Amazon Smile

The Washington County Historical Society is now taking advantage of a program offered by Amazon.com to help raise money for non-profit organizations like ours.

The program is called “Amazon Smile” and it works like this:

Instead of going to Amazon.com to do your shopping, head to smile.amazon.com.

Log into your Amazon account as normal and then when prompted to select a charity to support, simply type in “Washington County Historical Society”. (Just make sure you pick the one based in Stillwater, MN!)

Then do your shopping normally!

Amazon sells everything from high-end computers to toilet paper and will donate 0.5% of every sale to WCHS as long as you use smile.amazon.com. There’s literally no difference on your end using Amazon or Amazon Smile. The exact same items are sold for the exact same price…it’s just Amazon Smile helps us preserve Washington County history!

Do you have a bookmark to Amazon on your web-browser? You can easily change it to smile.amazon.com to ensure every Kindle book you buy online helps WCHS!

Thank you for your help!

What is This Thing?!

What Is This Thing?! (Round 31)

Our guests are on their way! Steam the nice tablecloth, polish the silver and don’t forget to grab last issue’s What Is This Thing?!

I had a handful of folks correctly identify our last challenge – but it was definitely a tricky one! It is a wooden butter mold!

You’d press the mold into fresh butter to leave a decorative pattern to add a bit of “fanciness” to your table! This particular mold imprinted a pineapple design into the butter which symbolized hospitality, warm welcomes, and friendliness to the Victorians.

One of our readers asked when the modern stick butter packaging entered the market….and with a bit of digging we found that according to “Princely Packets of Golden Health (A History of Butter Packaging)” written by Milton E. Parker in 1948, Swift & Company introduced 4-ounce sticks wrapped in wax paper in 1907.

I was surprised it was so early!

Onto today’s challenge!

Can you identify the WCHS artifact photographed above? Can you guess its use? If you’d care to venture an answer, you can send an email to me at spallas.wchs@gmail.com, tweet @WCHSMN, or post your guess on our Facebook page.

Good luck!

Full Image

Old News

Unsubtle Resentment

The American Civil War is undeniably an interesting topic.

It’s covered by thousands of books, hundreds of movies and documentaries and historians spend their whole careers focusing on flanking actions and battlefield maneuvers. Luckily for us in 2016, the attitudes of the ‘homefront’ have been preserved in local papers across the country – including quiet little Stillwater.

And Washington County was certainly invested in the war. Company B of the First Minnesotan was comprised almost entirely of Stillwater men. They had even participated in high profile battles like Bull Run and Gettysburg.

So, what was life like for those men who didn’t go East to fight the Confederacy when so many of their neighbors were literally dying in the name of the Union? The following article will show that they were understandably not the most popular people in their community.

But I try to look at history from both sides. This article is obviously calling these men dishonorable cowards – but at the same time, when photographs of the battlefields start making their way across the nation: can you blame anyone for being a bit squeamish and less than eager to join the fray?

Thanks to the Internet, you can see these photos for yourself if you’d like. Please note, these are actual photographs of Civil War soldiers killed in battle. They are graphic.

Four Dead Soldiers Near Little Round Top – 1863

Confederate Soldier Killed in Petersburg Trenches

Unburied Confederate Lays Next to Union Soldier Buried Where He Fell – 1862

Soldiers Killed at Gettysburg – 1863

Confederate and Union Soldiers Killed at Gettysburg – 1863

After seeing these, I don’t know if I’d be rushing to the recruitment office.

Reasons for Not Enlisting – Stillwater Messenger – March 22, 1864

“Sigman” of the Boston Transcript says:

The following reasons for not going to the war are believed to be authentic.

I. I was brought up by kind parents to do nothing, and have done it for thirty years, and cannot think of changing my vocation. I therefore pray thee have me excused.

II. I have a hereditary horror of strife. My grandfather ran away at the battle of Brandywine. If he had then and there been killed my father would not have hidden the cypress swamp at the battle of New Orleans. My mother always cautioned me to be careful how I meddled with edge tools. I cannot go.

III. I am rather delicated; must have a fire in my chamber; couldn’t live in a tent;must have my mulled wine at ten; besides, what should I do for lobster salad and boiled oysters? Pray have me excused.

IV. When I was poor I could not restrain my patriotism; but somehow or other it has troubled me of late. This war has lasted long enough. I have married a rich wife. I cannot go.

V. Talk not to me about your delce et decorum est pro patria mori. I’ve no notion of it. I want none of your dulces and decorums. My maximum is, dum vivimus vivamue. I bought a couple of trotters last week – cost me $2,200 – Guess I shan’t go to the war while the sleighing lasts.

VI. I cannot deny it, the smell of burnt gunpowder acts like a cathartic on my stomach and bowels. Have me excused immediately.

VII. My heart is with our gallant troops. No tongue can tell how I long to join the army. But, when I refer to the subject, my poor wife goes into hysterics, “Dearest Eleezur,” she cries, “have you the heart to leave your own, your devoted Jerusha Matilda Anna!” And over she goes, tossing up her arms, and kicking out her legs like all possessed. It is irresistible. I give it up. I cannot oppose the wishes of this interesting creature. I cannot go.

VIII. I have no time for it. The very few hours I can spare from eating, drinking, smoking and driving I give to the fine arts. War is not one of these. I would be excused.

IX. I should go, were it not for my religious scruples on the subject of war. Often, as I have been sitting, all alone, in my distillery, something within has told that war was wrong – probably the workings of the spirit – I cannot go.

X. I have consulted the spirit of old Mrs. Pitcher, of Lynn, and am assured that, if I went, I should run away and be shot in my back settlements. Of course I cannot go.

XI. My mind is in a very unsettled state. Upon every confederate success I am all for secession; and upon every Union victory I am for crushing the rebellion at once. If the war was over, I think I might be tempted to volunteer; but I cannot as matters are at present. When I read the little telegrams as they are brought in at the insurance office, if the tiding are in favor of Jeff, I find myself, almost unconsciously, nodding and winking significant at Major Piddle, who goes for succession; and if the news is unfavorable to the rebellion, my hand seems of its accord to grasp that of Deacon Blunt, and ”the Lord be thanked” slips out of my mouth before I know what I am saying. I must be excused.

Featured Article

Unearthing History at Grey Cloud Island Cemetery

by Alice Robinson & Donna Reynolds

“A dozen miles or more down the Mississippi from St. Paul is Grey Cloud Island, a singular formation rising out of the river with its central portion hundreds of feet above the low-water mark, and varied in its natural character and topography” wrote a Pioneer Press journalist in the late 1890s. “It stretches for five miles into hills, woodlands, meadows, swamps, and waterways. There are granite boulders, sandstone cliffs, sandy shores and rich farm lands.” The newspaper writer tells us that every old settler knows the locality. It was one of the first portions of Minnesota white settlers made their home.

In researching the family names on the gravestones in the cemetery, one wonders where these people came from and why they came to this seemingly remote area.

This island was once occupied by the woodland Indian tribes. In the 1830s, their leader, Medicine Bottle, and his small community lived at the bend of the Mississippi near Baldwin Lake. They had made bark lodges and grew crops of squash, corn, and beans. They fished and hunted in the lakes and meadows close to the river. At this time, the surrounding area was called “Spirit Wood” because of a beech tree growing there.

In 1837, the federal government signed a treaty with the Native populations for ownership of the lands east of the Mississippi River. Medicine Bottle’s band moved from their ancestral homes across the Mississippi to a place known as Pine Bend. Two fur traders, who had traded with the Natives living there, moved into the now vacant bark homes with their wives and children. Hazen Mooers and Andrew Robertson built log cabins along the river and grew crops, which they sold to the kitchens at Fort Snelling. Andrew Robertson changed the name of the island to “Grey Cloud” in honor of Mooer’s wife. She was a mixed blood woman, rearer in Canada, named Mar-pi-ya-rho-ta-win, or “Grey Cloud Woman”.

The next year, Joseph R. Brown build a settlement on the lower island, bringing with him voyageurs and boatmen to set up a trading post and farming operation. Now the mystery of the cemetery is revealed.

Two of Brown’s voyageurs, turned farm hands, Joseph Bourcier and Maxcell Courterior, stayed on the Island and married. Joseph Bourcier married his employer’s former wife, Margaret McCoy. The census records for 1850 show them living in Red Rock before coming to Grey Cloud. They built primitive housing on the slough and cultivated small farms.

Maxcell Courtier married Joseph Brown’s daughter – whose name was also Margaret – and built a house next to door to Joseph and Margaret Boucier. Brown’s younger daughter, Mary, married a Cottage Grove farmer’s son named Henry Brunell and they also moved to the channel. So the first European families to truly make the Island their home were the McCoys, Bourciers, Courteriors, and Brunells.

As the years went on, more families made their way to the Island. But when these early settler’s children were ready to marry – their options were limited to the boys and girls next door. This can make tracking family history and genealogies a bit tricky.

For example, when researching the grave of an 8 month year old girl named Lorraine Huysentruyt it is difficult to determine which French Canadian family she belonged to. Her obituary was listed in a 1922 copy of the Hasting Gazette. Lorraine’s father was Adolph Heysentruyt from Belgium. He was brought here to work at his uncle’s sheep ranch on the Upper Island. Lorraine’s mother was Lavina McCoy. Lorraine’s grandparents were Mary Mavis and Mose McCoy. Her great grandparents were Simon and Monjeau Mavis and Anthony and Jane McCoy. Her great great grandparents are Joseph Monjeau and his Dakota wife, Nanna Coussi. The family trees tend to get a bit…intertwined.

The cemetery is located in the center of the area where all of the first settlers lived. They probably began by utilizing part of the Bourcier farm in the early 1870s. By this time, this acre of land was transferred from a Bourcier daughter to her sister, Francis Bush Stringer and is shown on records as a cemetery. The name Bourcier had became Americanized to “Bush”. The area continued to be used as a cemetery and was taken care of by the families of those interred within. A chart of the burials and the names was made in the 1940s by Edward LaBathe. He, and others, would dig the grave for a funeral and erect white painted crosses for the graves without markers. Unfortunately, the crosses were gone by 1985. The French Canadians planted cedar trees at the head of the graves, but time and weather have destroyed many of these trees.

There are eighteen veterans from various wars and conflicts buried in the cemetery; five being from the Civil War.

At the present time there are 190 known graves and burial is still permitted to residents of the township and families of those who are buried there allowing modern residents to reaffirm their connections to their island’s pioneer past.

Events

More information: WCHS Events >>>

Preserve the Past, Share in the Future!

Membership is one way that you can help support the Washington County Historical Society. Your membership helps us collect, preserve, and disseminate the history of Washington County for county residents and visitors in the belief that a historical perspective enhances our understanding of community and sense of place.

Benefits of membership:

  • FREE admission to the Warden’s House Museum in Stillwater and Hay Lake Museum Complex in Scandia
  • Discounts on purchases in the museum gift shop (10% Individual & Family members, 15% Patron & Sustaining members)
  • FREE use of WCHS library and research center
  • Subscription to Historical Whisperings, the society’s quarterly newsletter
  • Discounts on tickets to membership meetings
  • Knowing that your membership dollars support the preservation of our treasured past for generations to come

The Washington County Historical Society has depended on membership ever since it was formed in 1934. Please show your support for the organization by becoming a member today.

More: WCHS Membership >>>

Mission Statement

Washington County Historical Society collects, preserves, and disseminates the history of the county and state of Minnesota.

 

The Plaster Doctor – Healin’ “Till” It Hurts

Receive the Historical Messenger in your inbox once every two weeks by signing up for our mailing list!

This issue: Contents
Tuesday, March 8, 2016
  • Editor’s Note
  • WCHS News: WCHS Annual Meeting with Jumpin’ Jim Brunzell
  • WCHS News: Oakdale-Lake Elmo Historical Society Collection Transfer
  • What Is This Thing?!
  • Old News: Minnesotans Like Minnesota
  • Featured Article: The Plaster Doctor – Healin’ “Till” It Hurts
Editor’s Note

Alright folks, we’ve got a lot to cover today! The closer we get to Summer, the busier we’re getting over here at WCHS!

If you’d like to get a piece of the action, be sure to attend our upcoming “New Volunteer Orientation Meeting” scheduled for Saturday, March 19th at 1:00 PM to learn about all the volunteer opportunities here at WCHS! The meeting will be held at the Warden’s House Museum in Stillwater.

Not only are we looking for new volunteers, WCHS is now officially accepting applications for our 2016 Internship and Scholarship Programs. Our internship is a 10-week long paid position that allows undergraduate and graduate students a chance to gain hands-on experience at a local historical organization. While the scholarship provides one $2,000 or two $1,000 grants to further a student’s education in the history field. You can find more details and application information here. Applications must be submitted by April 30th. Funding for our internship and scholarship programs is generously provided by the DeLonais Foundation.

Whew…that’s already a lot and we haven’t even gotten into today’s issue!

You won’t want to miss the high-flyin’, chair smashing guest speaker at our upcoming Annual Meeting. Check out the first News Story for more details on getting your reservation today.

I’ll take a moment in our second News Story to announce an exciting new addition to the WCHS family – the Eder Schoolhouse in Oakdale!

A new artifact is waiting for your identification efforts down in the “What Is This Thing?!” challenge.

And you can ask just about any pop-drinking, family cabin-owning, Paul Bunyan-admiring, honest-to-goodness Minnesotan what they think about their state and I think you’d have a hard time finding many negative opinions. In this week’s Old News, we’ll read what one of our cheese-loving neighbors thought of our wonderfully prideful state back in 1870.

Finally, we’ll dive head-first into the pool of early 20th century medicial-quackery as we read about the St. Croix Valley’s very own John Till – the “Plaster Doctor”.

Want to learn more about the history of Washington County? “Like” WCHS on Facebook and follow us on Twitter!

Sean Pallas

Historical Messenger editor and Warden’s House Site Manager

spallas.wchs@gmail.com

WCHS News

WCHS Annual Membership Meeting with Jumpin’ Jim Brunzell

The Washington County Historical Society Annual Meeting will be held at the Water Street Inn in Stillwater on Thursday, March 31st.

The evening will begin with a social hour at 5:30 PM followed by dinner at 6:30 PM. The meeting will begin at 7:30 with an election of board members and conclude with our Featured Speaker – “Jumpin” Jim Brunzell.

Over the course of his 21 year long career, Brunzell trained under the legendary Verne Gagne with Ric Flair and the Iron Sheik and even faced former Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura in the ring. At the meeting, Brunzell will discuss his long history with professional wrestling in Minnesota and his association with the Minnesota Wrestling Hall of Fame.

Brunzell will also be selling and signing copies of his new book with “True Stories from the Wrestling Road: MatLands

Reservations are required.

WCHS Members – $20.00 Reserve Tickets Online

Non-Members – $25.00 Reserve Tickets Online

For more information or to make reservations contact Brent Peterson at 651-439-5956 or brent.peterson@wchsmn.org

WCHS News 

Oakdale-Lake Elmo Historical Society Collection Transfer

The Oakdale-Lake Elmo Historical Society has transferred its collection to the Washington County Historical Society.

Citing the difficulty in acquiring new membership and volunteers, the Oakdale-Lake Elmo Historical Society [OLEHS] asked the WCHS to take over programming at the Eder Schoolhouse located at the Oakdale Nature Preserve.

“We wanted to make sure the work this organization has done for the past twenty years didn’t get lost,” said Rich Eder, President of the OLEHS, “The Washington County Historical Society will make sure what we have done will live on for future generations.”

“They have done marvelous work,” said Brent Peterson, Executive Director of the Washington County Historical Society, “It will be an honor to build on their efforts and continue telling the stories of Oakdale and Lake Elmo.”

The schoolhouse, built in 1888 and known as the Eder School, was rural District #12 in Washington County. It served a couple generations of area students until the district was consolidated into another in 1920. The building was moved and served as a shed for the Eder family until 2000 when it was donated to the OLEHS. It was moved and donated to the Oakdale Nature Center in 2004.

On May 23, 2004, Myrtle Eder and Myrtle Hunstiger attended the grand opening. Mrs. Hunstiger, age 105 at the time of the opening, was a teacher in the school in 1918 and 1919. Mrs. Eder was one of her former students at the school.

Later in 2004 the OLEHS received an award for their preservation efforts of the school from the Preservation Alliance of Minnesota.

WCHS Board Chair, David Lindsey, said that “transferring the collection and programming to the Washington County Historical Society is a win-win for everyone.” Lindsey continued, “The stories and the history will be more accessible to the people of Oakdale, Lake Elmo and Washington County as a whole.”

Many people helped in making sure the schoolhouse was preserved including Jim Morphew, Duane Ellertson, Judge Thomas Armstrong Sr., Chuck & Carol Houck, Rich Eder, Bill Rasmussen, Louise Frederick, Gloria Knoblach, and many more.

WCHS plans on opening the schoolhouse to the general public for ten Sundays and hosting three programs at the site over our normal 2016 touring season.

Keep an eye on the e-newsletter, our website, and our social media outlets for more information!

Events

What is This Thing?!

What Is This Thing?! (Round 30)

Be sure to floss, because I think you’ll want to do everything in your power to avoid last week’s What Is This Thing?!

That’s right, this is indeed a foot-powered dentist drill! Yeesh…I just had a dentist appointment yesterday and if he would have came at me with one of these things, I would have left a “me”-shaped hole in his wall during my undignified retreat.

I’ve always wondered what would happen if the dentist lost his rhythm on the pedal halfway through the operation. I mean, besides a lot of screaming from the patient, of course.

Let’s all collectively shudder and move onto this week’s challenge.

Can you identify the WCHS artifact photographed above? Can you guess its use? If you’d care to venture an answer, you can send an email to me at spallas.wchs@gmail.com, tweet @WCHSMN, or post your guess on our Facebook page.

Good luck!

Full Image

Old News 

Minnesotans Like Minnesota

I have spent the entirety of my (almost) 27 years of life living in Minnesota. And holy buckets, I love this state. But even I’ll admit that we march to the beat of a different drummer over here. Just take a look at our recent Presidential Caucus results for the latest example of Minnesota’s ‘different-ness’. And sure, we may be a bit self-centered. But hey, it’s pretty comforting to see these attitudes have a long tradition!

…I’m also glad we settled on “Minnesotan” instead of “Minnesotian”.

A Representative Minnesotian – Stillwater Republican – March 8, 1870

The editor of the Superior Tribune, (Wis.) who has lived in Minnesota, gives the following as the characteristics of a Minnesotian:

“We lived among the Minnesotians long enough to know that they are indeed “a peculiar people,” and that they are always ready for any project, however reckless, however desperate, or however unjust to others which promises to advance the interests of favorite localities, or the material prosperity of their State.

Taken as a whole, but the Minnesotians are a good set of fellows, but they are as different from the staid people of Wisconsin, as the mercurial, nervous and wiry little Frenchman is from the grand old German, who smokes his pipe and “[drinks] his lager [beer]” and takes every thing coolly and deliberately.

A representative Minnesotian is a man who has the ingenuity of the Yankee, the energy and perseverance of the ant, the cunning of the fox, the selfishness of the miser, together with the courage of the bovine who undertook the butt the engine off the track.

He is one who will freely shell out his money to carry out any favorite scheme – one who carries many of his points by “bluff” – one who has audacity, effrontery and “cheek” enough for any emergency, and whose State pride is strong enough to lead him to work for Minnesota and Minnesota enterprises, first, last and all the time, and under all circumstances and at whatever costs.”

Featured Article

The Plaster Doctor – Healin’ “Till” It Hurts

by Anita Buck

Plaster doctor, wonder healer, unorthodox practitioner, defendant in court – these were just some of the titles given to a man named John Till. And he earned every one of them.

Till offered “miracle cures” that were sought by people from all around the St. Croix River Valley. He had patients from Stillwater and Marine, from the Twin Cities, and from many other towns throughout Minnesota and Wisconsin. But John Till was not a licensed doctor, a matter that frequently landed him before judges.

Known primarily as “the plaster doctor”, Till practiced his healing art in Hudson, New Richmond, Somerset, and Turtle Lake, Wisconsin in the first two decades of the 1900s. He used a salve and a plaster, both touted to have the power to pull out infections. The salved was supposed to contain a mysterious ingredient called 4X. The plaster was a concoction of kerosene and croton oil, both of which are irritants. Till – and his patients – believed that the plaster drew the poison out of the body, stimulating accelerated healing. No matter what the complaint, patients stripped to the waist and held onto a rail while “Doctor” Till applied the plaster to the back from the neck to the bottom of the spine. After that, they wore cotton batting sewn into their clothes to soak up the matter that ran from the inflamed skin. Till’s patients found the treatment to be extremely painful, but that didn’t stop them from flocking by train, buggy, carriage, and riverboat to wherever he was practicing.

John Till was born in Austria in 1870. He worked for a blacksmith for a while, and during that time learned about various folk cures. At age 28, he immigrated to Canada, where he worked as a lumberjack and practiced medicine on the side. His career took off after the “miracle cure” of Mrs. Octave Cloutier of Somerset, Wisconsin. Till treated her infected cheek with his mysterious medicine, and the remedy worked overnight. When word of the cure spread, he left the lumber camp and set up shop in the Cloutier farm home. Immediately be became known as the Wonder Healer or the Plaster Doctor of Somerset. Although Till never called himself “doctor,” his patients certainly did.

After a time, he moved to New Richmond, Wisconsin. An article in the New Richmond News reported that many of the passengers who came in at the city’s depot were nearly dead when they were taken off the trains. Still, they managed to survive a rough buggy ride out to Till’s establishment a couple of miles north of town. The report continued, “About every third home in New Richmond would seem to have two or three of these ‘diers’ [sic]. What a dismal site, but Old John laughed all the way to the bank.”

Interestingly, the man didn’t charge his patients per se, rather he simply left a bucket on the table, and many emptied their pockets into the donation container after their “plasterings”. According to an anonymous letter received by Marie Lynch of New Richmond, “Old John Till” arrived at the New Richmond bank with a nice team of horses and carriage. He was a small man with hair long and unkempt, in bare feet, wearing earrings, and carrying two large bags of money.

In the Somerset Triple Centennial Book, it is recorded Till was supposed to have deposited $3,000 every two weeks. That account, though, was said to be exaggerated.

John Till didn’t spend all his time treating patients. He spent quite a bit of time in court. He was plagued by lawsuits and harassed, probably rightly, by the Wisconsin Medical Board. Early in his career he was tried on a charge of practicing medicine unlawfully, and was found not guilty by a jury of six men. Later, the plaster doctor appeared in circuit court in Barron County, Wisconsin, again on the charge of practicing medicine without a license. A jury only took 45 minutes to find him guilty of the charge. Even though Till was hauled to court a number of times, he generally managed to secure a ‘not guilty’ ruling by either a jury or by appeals to high courts. Of course, he wasn’t quite able to maintain that spotless record.

An article in the New Richmond News from May 11, 1921, reported that he started serving a six-month sentence in the local jail for practicing medicine without a license. After that term, he apparently had his fill of the American legal-system’s “hospitality” and him and his wife, Hedwig, departed for Germany, probably bringing a good sum of American dollars with them. Eventually, he settled in the Sudetenland. The former healer wrote to a fanner in Stanton, Wisconsin, requesting 100 pounds of seed barley, which was sent to him. His son, John Till Jr., visited New Richmond, and reported that his father owned a large form, and delighted at being a country gentleman. His mother, he said, was enjoying life. Apparently his stack of American dollars was allowed him to take advantage of Germany’s post-World War I run-away inflation.

After Till Senior’s departure from the United States, it was rumored that his “secret salve”, the miracle plaster, was being solid from a farm home near Somerset.

The plaster doctor then disappeared from our American sources for a few decades. He finally resurfaced in in February 1947, when the Stillwater Gazette reported his return from Germany. The good “doctor” was broke.

World War II had hit him hard financially. He lost his property and decided to return to his old stomping grounds. He planned to live near Kiel, Wisconsin. It was rumored he would go back into the plaster business. Whether he did or not is unknown. If so, his renewed career was short. John Till died in July of 1947 at the age of 77.

Even though the records show that many of his patients suffered terribly at the hands of John Till, there are just as many people from both side of the St. Croix River who swore by his skill and miracle cure. Whether he be quack-pot or hero – the Plaster Doctor is long gone, yet John Till lives on as a legendary figure of the Valley’s history.

Events

More information: WCHS Events >>>

Preserve the Past, Share in the Future!

Become a member of the Washington County Historical Society!

Membership is one way that you can help support the Washington County Historical Society. Your membership helps us collect, preserve, and disseminate the history of Washington County for county residents and visitors in the belief that a historical perspective enhances our understanding of community and sense of place.

Benefits of membership:

  • FREE admission to the Warden’s House Museum in Stillwater and Hay Lake Museum Complex in Scandia
  • Discounts on purchases in the museum gift shop (10% Individual & Family members, 15% Patron & Sustaining members)
  • FREE use of WCHS library and research center
  • Subscription to Historical Whisperings, the society’s quarterly newsletter
  • Discounts on tickets to membership meetings
  • Knowing that your membership dollars support the preservation of our treasured past for generations to come

The Washington County Historical Society has depended on membership ever since it was formed in 1934. Please show your support for the organization by becoming a member today.

More: WCHS Membership >>>

Mission Statement

Washington County Historical Society collects, preserves, and disseminates the history of the county and state of Minnesota.